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Sacrifice, Prescription, and Implantation


Mixed-media—glycerine, chitosan powder, sodium alginate, pine resin, calcium carbonate powder, pancreatin, collagen protein powder, stainless steel, and electrical device 

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The struggle against disease is an endless one. To overcome illness, humanity has been continuously developing the tools in medicine since primaeval empirical healing, up till modern experimental medicine of modern times.


Stone Age totems record the worship of animals, the slaughter of 'sacrificial animals' of the time, and the offering of sacrifices to the fickle gods in exchange for their blessing and the mitigation of calamity. Classical ethical beliefs prioritise the greatest happiness for humanity, so it was common to offer what were then considered to be high material pleasures in exchange for the faith of the people in power and the blessing of natural forces. As the concept of medicine was gradually established, various organs of animals were used externally and internally, using their notion of medicinal properties to expel demons or to strengthen themselves. In the early days, those who practised healing were shamans, and medicine was applied as a form of sorcery, treating the body and mind with their likeness. Modern medicine has inherited logical reasoning, coupled with repeated experimentation and testing, to further the relationship among humans, animals, and medicine. Scientists look at the biological similarities between animals and humans and extract cells, hormones, or genetic materials from animals to treat patients. People have taken the amino acid sequence of the insulin molecules from pigs and genetically modified them to cure diabetes. In fact, what people have imagined for animal application is far more than that in medicine. As early as 1962, the medical world had begun studying xenotransplantation across different species, transplanting live non-human animal cells, organisations, or organs to the human body. In 2022, the University of Maryland Medical Centre transplanted a genetically modified heart of a pig onto a patient, resulting in the longest survival for a xenograft recipient. Unfortunately, the patient finally died two months later; and not to forget, the life of the host of the pig's heart was lost at the same time. In addition, the heart of the pig was kept aseptically, observed and transported from the donor pig, to the moment it was removed from the heart on the operating table.


Humans and animals have together experienced theology, metaphysics, and practical examination as medical history progresses. Time has proven the fluid shifts of ethics, class, and function between humans and other species. From sacrifice to medicine and xenotransplantation, it is as if we have merged the two into one. Witchcraft and science present humans with a feasible system of measurement, but with no guidance on how to use the power of decision. A dualistic society teaches the belief in the supremacy of species, habitually colonising other species and nature, while human health is placed on the moral high ground. However, as the tools for environmental alteration continue to advance, will these other species remain only functional, and will ecological equality be reduced to a slogan for a future technological religion?



混合媒介 —— 甘油、殼聚糖粉、海藻酸鈉、松樹樹脂、碳酸鈣粉、胰酶、膠原蛋白粉、不銹鋼與電子配件







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